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These pages are dedicated to the history and genealogy of Oglethorpe County, Georgia.  Many volunteers have contributed information that you will find helpful in tracing your Oglethorpe County ancestors.  If you have records or information that you'd like to share here, please contact Jeanne Arguelles.

The Oglethorpe County Courthouse
Lexington, Georgia


Oglethorpe County

1800     9,780
1810   12,297
1820   14,046
1830   13,618
1840   10,868
1850   12,259
1860   11,549
1870   11,782
1880   15,400
1890   16,951
1900   17,881
1910   18,680
1920   20,287
1930   12,927
1940   12,430
1950     9,958
1960     7,926
1970     7,598
1980     8,929
1990     9,763
2000   12,635

About Oglethorpe County

Oglethorpe County was created on December 19, 1793 entirely out of Wilkes County.  It was named for General James Edward Oglethorpe, who founded the colony of Georgia, at Savannah, in 1733.  A soldier and philanthropist, Oglethorpe created the colony as an asylum for British debtors.  He remained in Georgia for nine years and drove the invading Spanish troops back into Florida.  He returned to England in 1742 and died there in 1785.

James Edward Oglethorpe

The area that encompasses Oglethorpe County was originally inhabited primarily by the Creek and Cherokee tribes.  It was opened to settlement by a treaty with the tribes in 1771.  These "Ceded Lands", as the area was called, became Wilkes County in 1777.  In 1793, a northwestern portion of Wilkes County was cut aside to form the new county of Oglethorpe.
Several border adjustments were made in the following years.  In 1794, a portion of Greene County was added to Oglethorpe, and the Oglethorpe/Greene county border shifted several times in 1799.  In 1811, Madison County was created, taking land from Oglethorpe.  In 1813, Oglethorpe acquired land from Clarke County.  Taliaferro County took land from Oglethorpe in 1831, and Oglethorpe received land from Madison County in 1842.
The first permanent settlements in what is now Oglethorpe County were along the Broad River ~ settled by a group of Virginia planters in the 1780s  ~ and along Long Creek near the town of Lexington.  Lexington was incorporated in 1806 as the county seat.   Settlers grew mainly tobacco and cotton, and found deposits of granite, gold, iron, copper and other minerals.

Learn more about
Oglethorpe County History


Oglethorpe County Records

Wills/Estates Vital Records
Land Records Military Records Tax Records
Obituaries Cemeteries Bible Records
School Records Churches Court Records
Newspapers   Slave Records
1860 Census Slave Schedule Index

1860 Census Slave Schedule

Letters and Memorabilia
Many of the links above will take you to records in the
Oglethorpe County GAGenWeb Archives


Visit Oglethorpe's Neighboring Counties

Wilkes Elbert Madison Clarke
Greene Taliaferro Oconee


These Pages are part of the GAGenWeb Project

Oglethorpe County Coordinator
Jeanne Arguelles

Georgia State Coordinator
Vivian Saffold

GAGenWeb Links
GAGenWeb - Main Page
GAGenWeb County Index
GAGenWeb Archives
About GAGenWeb


Thanks to David Morgan and Tom Hammack for
their previous work on Oglethorpe County GAGenWeb,
and to Ken Johnson for his work in the
Oglethorpe Co GAGenWeb Archives.


If you have questions about Oglethorpe County genealogy or this website, please contact
Jeanne Arguelles

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This page was last modified on

Sunday, 12-Nov-2009 21:37:41 MDT

Copyright 2001-2006 by Jeanne Arguelles