Shadrick D. "Shade" Floyd & Elizza (Louisa, Louise) Davis
Information Submitted by Margot Woodrough
Shadrick D. "Shade" Floyd was b. 22 June 1845, GA. He married (1) Elizza (Louisa, Louise) Davis 1 July 1866, GA; (2) Bettie Burns 18 May 1888, GA; (3) Polly Paul 14 December 1902. Shadrick died and was buried 1916, GA.
Census: 1860, GA; he was shown living in house #183.
Census: 1870, GA; He lived next door to Zachariah Davis, whose daughter he had married in 1866. In fact, he may have been living with his father-in-law.
Census: 1880, GA; Living in house #445 between his brother GW and his father Amos, and two doors from other brother Frederick.
Census: 1900, Pulaski County, GA; In 1900 Shade was not married and lived alone with his elderly father, Amos Kinchen Floyd, who died later that year.
Census: 1910, Trippville, G.M. 3876, Pulaski County, GA; In 1910 Shade is shown as the head of household with a middle initial of "D". He is living with wife Polly, age 38; Arthur Darsey, stepson; Millie M. Paul, step daughter; Allie Hartley, daughter in law; and a female named Emma ? age 10, stepdaughter.
Military: 25 March 1864, GA, Anderson's Battery Roster says he was mustered in Dalton two years after his brothers. Roster also states that the only other person mustered in on this date was J.M Dupree who likewise was joining an older brother. Possible Shade and J.M. Dupree traveled together by train to Dalton to join Anderson's Battery. They were then involved in the Battle and Seige of Atlanta and followed Sherman's troops as he marched to the sea.
Military Pension: 13 September 1901, CSA, Company B, Montgomery, Application for indigent pension states that he enlisted in Dec of 1863 and surrendered at Greensboro, NC in April of 1865. Application for pension based on infirmity and poverty. "I was wounded during the war in the hip and have never been enitirely well since. Have frequent attacks of Rheumatism - general breaking down." Possess no property. Have had no real property in the years 1894-1899 and am supported by the labor of "my two sons."
The physician's affidavit states "struck by a shell at Savannah, GA in 1864 during an engagement, as a result has never been strong and vigorous since. Since then has suffered with general debility of soul, also suffers from recurrent attacks of Rheumatism."
Pension was granted and received through 1907.
Biography: On June 13, 1951, Tina Floyd, his grandaughter, wrote to the Department of the Army requesting information on her grandfather's (Shade Floyd) military service. The following is the response she received: "The records show that Shade Floyd, private, Captain R.W. Anderson's Battery, Palmer's Battalion Reserve Artillery, which subsequently became Captain Anderson's Battery, Georgia Light Artillery, Confederate States Army, enlisted 25 March 1864 at Dalton, Georgia. The company muster roll for November and December 1864, last on file, shows him present. He was paroled 2 May 1865 at Greensboro, North Carolina, in accordance with the terms of a Military Convention entered into 26 April 1865 between General Joseph E. Johnston, commanding confederate Army, and Major General W. T. Sherman, commanding United States Army in North Carolina."
Signed, William E. Bergin, Major General, USA
From unpublished records compiled by Lillian Henderson for the State of Georgia we learn that: Shade D. Floyd enlisted as a private in Company B, 14th Battalion Georgia Light Artillery on March 25, 1864. He surrendered at Greensboro, North Carolina April 26, 1864. The captain of this company was Thomas H. Dawson.
A letter addressed to Mr. Ruel Anderson of Hawkinsville, Georgia dated February 14, 1951 seeks information about Shade Floyd's service in Capt. Ruel Anderson's regiment. Addressee is the grandson of Capt. Anderson. The response is a short note stating: Your grandfather (Mr. Shade Floyd) was in my father's company, Anderson's Battery. They fought in the Battle of Chattanooga and Missionary Ridge and the Battle of Atlanta and New Hope Church, Jonesboro, Georgia, and other battles on down through Georgia. Signed by what appears to be Harriet (last name illegible). Note: perhaps she is the daughter of the Captain. The Civil War Records at the Georgia Department of Archives and History show S.D. Floyd receiving an Indigent Pension on the basis of service in Company B of Montgomery's Artillery. It was signed by him with an "X" on September. 13, 1901, and states that he was born on June 22, 1845 in Pulaski Co., Georgia, was with Company B in Dalton, Georgia on December 1863, and also in Anderson's Battery. He served nearly two years and surrendered in Greensboro, NC. April 1865. He based application for pension on infirmity and poverty. In response to the question of "Do you have a homestead?" he replied "No". The affidavit was witnessed by J.C. Grimsley, who said he enlisted with S. D. and served with him, and surrendered with him at Greensboro, and has lived within three miles of him for forty years.
Shade Floyd must have been embarrassed to ask for this indigent pension which required the acknowledgement and witness of his neighbors. The fact that it was needed, and that he was reduced to the level of requesting a pension gives a hint of the emotional and economic damage imposed on a whole generation by the terrible Civil War. What would Shade think if he could know that his suffering would be discovered and memorialized more than one hundred years after its occurrence? Would he recognize that his humiliating act which would be so carefully recorded in the state archives would upon its discovery shed a bright spot light on the most tragic and dark period of southern history? Because of his need for the pension, and because of the state's persistent need to supply documention and affidavits, his descendants can better know and appreciate the heritage won for us at so great a cost. Shade Floyd owned no land, left no possessions and held no office, but he did not live in vain.
The few family stories told in the mid twentieth century indicate that when Shadrick Floyd returned from the war, the only job available was that of filling stump holes on the farm of his half brother, Everett Floyd. Considering the devastation done to the South's economy by the war it is plain that Shade would have counted himself fortunate to have even this job for support. As a young man of only twenty years who had already experienced the traumas of life, Shade married Eliza Davis on July 1, 1866. Eliza was from a large family who lived near the area of the hauntingly moss-draped cypress swamp known as Bush's Mill. Eliza would die prematurely at the age of thirty-eight and only four of her children would survive her.
The year Shade's son, James Edward, was born (1876) was the Centennial celebration of the United States. It was a watershed time in American history with the industrial revolution becoming commonplace even in rural Georgia. The old pioneer ways were being swept out the door and the twentieth century was puffing into town on the train that ran so close to Bailey's Park. It was here around the turpentine industry that Shade Floyd found employment. The woods were full of the pine trees and a turpentine still was erected to harvest the sap which was shipped out on the railroad. As was common around industries, the owner of the company erected houses for his employees. Since there is good family tradition that Shadrick Floyd was employeed by the still, it is therefore, quite possible that he and his family inhabited one of the company houses.
Shadrack "Shade" Floyd is reported to have had a hot temper. He is quoted as having said: "If madness could be connected to steam, mine could pull a freight train loaded with buckshot."
Note: GA, BAILEY'S PARK - The only thing I remember from my childhood is that there was a small country store there, and at election time it was a precinct where they counted the paper ballots and checked for Pole tax, and Papa, James Edward Floyd, was always one of the officials at election time. There was also a swimming pool fed by boiling springs of icy cold, crystal clear water at the bottom of the hill with a changing room bath house for males and one side for females and we used to dive off the top into the pool. This all indicates to me that it was a small recreation area. [Note from Annette Kaplan]
Civil War Memorial: November 2002, GA, the work begun fifty years earlier by Tina Floyd was complete with the installation of a Civil War marker on Shade Floyd's grave. About 100 family members attended the ceremony which was marked by a canon salute from the local civil War Historical group.
Shadrick was the son of Amos Kinchen Floyd, b. 11 April 1816, d. after 14 June 1900, and Anna Luttia McDaniel, b. 1827, d. circa 1860.
Elizza (Louisa, Louise) Davis was born 8 August 1845, Perry, GA, and died 6 March 1888.
Name Variation: Margarete Eliza
Census: 1850, GA.
Census: 1860, GA; She is shown as age 14 on this census.
Census: 1870, GA.
Elizza was the daughter of Zachariah Davis, b. 15 October 1811, d. 11 February 1891, and Elizabeth King, b. 1825, d. 15 July 1895.
Children of Shadrick D. Floyd & Elizza Davis:
Archibald (Arch, Archie) R. Floyd, b. 3 Jan 1868, d. 30 Oct 1927
Annie Letitia (Sis) Floyd, b. 1870, d. a 1947
Mary Anne Elizabeth (Babe) Floyd, b. 19 Apr 1872, d. 6 Dec 1892
James Edward Floyd, b. 25 Mar 1875, d. 19 Sep 1960
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