Medical terms of the 1800s

 

If you have some medical terms to share, please contact me.

 

Ablepsia                                          blindness

 

Ague                                                intermittent fever or chills

 

Ambustio                                        burn

 

Amputation, primary                   usually done in within the first 24 hours of original injury

 

Amputation, secondary               performed to improve the primary amputation

 

Anodynes                                       medication that help with pain

 

Apoplexy                                       stroke, or impairment from a brain hemorrhage

 

Aphtha                                           Thrush

 

Army Itch                                       Scabies

 

Asthenia                                        weakness

 

Bilious fever                                 malaria or typhoid

 

Black water fever                        fever accompanied with dark colored urine

 

Bright’s disease                           Kidney disease

 

Camp state or fever                    symptoms which happened when troops were crowded together like

                                                       fevers and diarrhea.

 

Catalepsy                                     seizures or trances

 

Catarrhus                                     mucus membrane inflammation

 

Child Bed Fever                         infection after childbirth

 

Chlorosis                                     anemia

 

Cholera                                        infectious disease, including diarrhea, often leading to death

 

Colica                                          abdominal pain

 

Consumption                             tuberculosis, or a general wasting away

 

Coryza                                         acute inflammation of nose and tonsils.

 

Cow Pox                                     a virus similar to smallpox. Caught from the udders of cows which have

                                                     blisters, caught by touch, usually localized.  Was used as a successful

                                                     vaccination against smallpox. 

 

Crop Sickness                            bloated stomach

 

Crowd Poisonings                   fevers and sickness when troops were camped crowned together

 

Debility                                     lack of strength, a lasting symptom

 

Dementia                                  insanity, many different levels

 

Dengue                                     fever from a mosquito bite

 

Dropsy                                     congestive heart failure

 

Dysentery                                inflammation of intestines, caused by bacteria or parasites

 

Dyspepsia                                stomach discomfort after meals

 

Dyspenia                                 trouble breathing

 

Erysipelas                                contagious skin disease, redness and swelling of affected areas

 

Falling Sickness                      epilepsy

 

Flux                                          diarrhea

 

Glanders                                  an infectious disease that can start with horses, donkeys and mules. Attacks

                                                  the respiratory system.

 

Goiter                                       swelling of lymph gland

 

Grippe                                     influenza, flu

 

Hemophthis                           spitting up blood

 

Impetigo                                 contagious skin disease

 

Inflammatory Rheumatism rheumatic fever

 

Lockjaw                                  tetanus

 

Malaria                                    transmitted by mosquitoes.  Chills, fever and sweating, can be recurrent

 

Marasmus                               infant wasting away from causes unknown

 

Miasma                                    poisonous vapors thought to have infected the air.

 

Milk Leg                                 swelling of legs of women who recently gave birth

 

Milk Sickness                         sickness from the ingestion of milk, milk products or meat   products from

                                                 animals having the “trembles”

 

Morphew                                scurvy blisters

 

Mortification                          death

 

Osteomylitis                           inflammation of the bone, or a surgical fever

 

Neurasthenia                          neurosis caused by worry, and causing indigestion, etc.

 

Parotitis                                   mumps

 

Peritonitis                                frequently the cause of death in abdominal wounds.

 

Pleurisy                                   lung inflammation

 

Pneumonia                             inflammation of the lungs

 

Podagra                                  gout

 

Pox                                          syphilis

 

Prostration                              extreme exhaustion

 

Pyemia                                    pus in blood, used to be for all types of blood poisoning, usually fatal.

 

Pyrosis                                    heartburn

 

Quinsy                                    abscess of the tonsils

 

Rheumatism                           inflammation of the joints, muscles

 

Rubella                                    measles

 

Scarlatina                                scarlet fever

 

Scrofula                                   tuberculosis of the lymph nodes

 

Scurvey                                   vitamin C deficiency disease.  In Civil War they tried to prevent this by having

 soldiers eat desiccated vegetables as a ration.

 

Sleeping sickness                   encephalitis

 

Sub-Laxatio                             non complete dislocation

 

Suppuration                            formation of pus, thought to be a good thing in the 1860’s

 

Trench Mouth                         sores or ulcers in the mouth at the gum line

 

Variola                                     smallpox

 

Venesection                            bleeding

 

Vulnus Incisim                       incisional wound

 

Vulnus Punctum                    puncture wound

 

Vulnus Sclopeticum              gunshot wound

 

Winter Fever                           pneumonia

 

Yellow Fever                          Virus, was thought to have been brought by air, instead of mosquitoes.

 

 

 

Sources:

http://ehistory.osu.edu/uscw/features/medicine/cwsurgeon/commonterms.cfm

http://freepages.computers.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~grundyconnections/medterminolgy.html

“Civil War Medicine” by C Keith Wilbur MD, 1998

 

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