Medical terms of the 1800s
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Ague intermittent fever or chills
Amputation, primary usually done in within the first 24 hours of original injury
Amputation, secondary performed to improve the primary amputation
Anodynes medication that help with pain
Apoplexy stroke, or impairment from a brain hemorrhage
Army Itch Scabies
Bilious fever malaria or typhoid
Black water fever fever accompanied with dark colored urine
Bright’s disease Kidney disease
Camp state or fever symptoms which happened when troops were crowded together like
fevers and diarrhea.
Catalepsy seizures or trances
Catarrhus mucus membrane inflammation
Child Bed Fever infection after childbirth
Cholera infectious disease, including diarrhea, often leading to death
Colica abdominal pain
Consumption tuberculosis, or a general wasting away
Coryza acute inflammation of nose and tonsils.
Cow Pox a virus similar to smallpox. Caught from the udders of cows which have
blisters, caught by touch, usually localized. Was used as a successful
vaccination against smallpox.
Crop Sickness bloated stomach
Crowd Poisonings fevers and sickness when troops were camped crowned together
Debility lack of strength, a lasting symptom
Dementia insanity, many different levels
Dengue fever from a mosquito bite
Dropsy congestive heart failure
Dysentery inflammation of intestines, caused by bacteria or parasites
Dyspepsia stomach discomfort after meals
Dyspenia trouble breathing
Erysipelas contagious skin disease, redness and swelling of affected areas
Falling Sickness epilepsy
Glanders an infectious disease that can start with horses, donkeys and mules. Attacks
the respiratory system.
Goiter swelling of lymph gland
Grippe influenza, flu
Hemophthis spitting up blood
Impetigo contagious skin disease
Inflammatory Rheumatism rheumatic fever
Malaria transmitted by mosquitoes. Chills, fever and sweating, can be recurrent
Marasmus infant wasting away from causes unknown
Miasma poisonous vapors thought to have infected the air.
Milk Leg swelling of legs of women who recently gave birth
Milk Sickness sickness from the ingestion of milk, milk products or meat products from
animals having the “trembles”
Morphew scurvy blisters
Osteomylitis inflammation of the bone, or a surgical fever
Neurasthenia neurosis caused by worry, and causing indigestion, etc.
Peritonitis frequently the cause of death in abdominal wounds.
Pleurisy lung inflammation
Pneumonia inflammation of the lungs
Prostration extreme exhaustion
Pyemia pus in blood, used to be for all types of blood poisoning, usually fatal.
Quinsy abscess of the tonsils
Rheumatism inflammation of the joints, muscles
Scarlatina scarlet fever
Scrofula tuberculosis of the lymph nodes
Scurvey vitamin C deficiency disease. In Civil War they tried to prevent this by having
soldiers eat desiccated vegetables as a ration.
Sleeping sickness encephalitis
Sub-Laxatio non complete dislocation
Suppuration formation of pus, thought to be a good thing in the 1860’s
Trench Mouth sores or ulcers in the mouth at the gum line
Vulnus Incisim incisional wound
Vulnus Punctum puncture wound
Vulnus Sclopeticum gunshot wound
Winter Fever pneumonia
Yellow Fever Virus, was thought to have been brought by air, instead of mosquitoes.
“Civil War Medicine” by C Keith Wilbur MD, 1998
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